Mumbai: Eros Now, a leading over-the-top (OTT) South Asian entertainment platform owned by Eros STX Global Corporation (NYSE: ESGC) (“ErosSTX” or “the Company”), a global entertainment company, today released an update on forwarding guidance as well as detailed operating metrics for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2021.
As of March 31, 2021, Eros Now had 39.9 million total paid” subscribers (including both Premium Paid subscribers and Base Paid subscribers, as defined below) and 224.0 million registered users worldwide. This represents 10.6 million net new paid subscriber additions since March 31, 2020, an annual growth rate of 36.2%. Going forward, the Company will concentrate its reporting and guidance on Premium Paid subscribers as Eros Now believes it is a more meaningful indicator of the platform’s performance and economic vitality.
A recent research report from Omdia, a UK-based research firm, about the Indian online media market indicates that Eros Now is currently the second-largest streaming platform in India in terms of subscribers, with an estimated market share of 24% behind market leader Disney+ Hotstar.
As previously communicated, Eros Now has developed and grown through symbiotic partnerships with mobile telecom operators and other third-party distribution partners around the world. The Company believes these partnerships have been fundamental to the business in its early stages of development because they allowed Eros Now to rapidly increase scale and cast a wide net to reach as many consumers as possible in a capital-efficient manner. While these partnerships will continue to play an important role going forward, Eros Now expects to pivot its distribution model to focus primarily on direct-to-consumer relationships while continuing to strengthen and expand selected key distribution partnerships.
The COVID-19 pandemic continues to be a challenging crisis globally with significant business impact. Eros Now has seen growth in subscribers and consumption amidst the pandemic lockdowns, although there was a correction in the final months of calendar 2020 following the early lockdown surge. Overall engagement statistics on the Eros Now platform have increased in 2021 to date. For some indices, such as watch hours, engagement levels are at approximately twice the level as compared to “pre-lockdown”.
Below are several key updates and metrics for the Eros Now business announced today:
Subscribers: Going forward, Eros Now will concentrate on reporting the number of Premium Paid subscribers. A Premium Paid subscriber is defined as a consumer who subscribes to the Eros Now product for at least one month (30 days), either directly or indirectly through a bundled package with a distribution partner. As of March 31, 2021, Eros Now had 19.0 million Premium Paid subscribers. The other 20.9 million paid subscribers, who purchase content a la carte or with sachet pricing (including single downloads or subscriptions lasting a day or a week), are defined as Base Paid subscribers.
Average Revenue per User (ARPU): Eros Now uses a “geo-sensitive” pricing model for its product in each market. Pricing is guided by the expectation that Eros Now is meant to be a high-quality and affordable mass-market entertainment service that allows people to consume content how and when they choose. Many users start their journey on Eros Now with short-form content or a la carte transactions for specific content and then move on to more traditional subscription plans. The depth and availability of mass-market content is a tool to introduce consumers to the Eros Now product. As consumer engagement and consumption increases, Eros Now expects to focus on migrating these subscribers into higher ARPU plans of longer duration. Consistent with Eros Now’s strategy to concentrate on direct-to-consumer relationships, the ARPU metric for Premium Paid subscribers will be an important indicator of the company’s progress. In fiscal 2021, the annual ARPU (net to Eros Now after deducting commissions, partnership fees, etc.) of Premium Paid subscribers was as follows:
All Premium Paid Subscribers – Global: $0.52
- Premium Paid Subscribers – India: $0.30
- Premium Paid Subscribers – International: $10.01
Watch Hours: A primary metric for video streaming businesses is watch hours, which represents the total viewing time spent by all consumers on an aggregate basis. Total watch hours for Eros Now in fiscal 2021 was 28.1 million hours. Watch hours relating to the top 25 titles on Eros Now was 10.3 million hours. This means that 63% of total watch hours were generated by catalog or non-tentpole films, including regional language movie titles, which is a testament to the salience and affinity of catalog content with Eros Now subscribers.
Original content and series remain a very important driver and differentiator for subscriber growth. The Eros Now original series Flesh, which premiered on Eros Now in August 2020, was the biggest Eros Now original series as measured by paid subscriber increases, unique streams and watch hours. The total watch hours related to the original Eros Now series during fiscal 2021 was 2.6 million hours, which represents 9% of the total Eros Now watch hours.
Consumer Profiles: Eros Now believes that analyzing consumption patterns from its subscribers and viewers around the world is an important factor in understanding the growth trends of the business. Below are selected data points of the global Eros Now consumer profile in fiscal 2021. Note that the data points are representative averages and there may be variances based on content launches, the addition of new geographies, and new subscriber additions to the platform.
- Gender: 75% male / 25% female
- Geography: 2/3rds of Eros Now viewers are from India and the rest are from outside of India (United States is the 2nd largest market with 10% contribution)
- Age: 18-34 constitutes 80% of the viewer base. The 25-34 age group demonstrated the largest growth during fiscal 2021.
- Tier 2 and Tier 3 cities in India (medium-to-small sized cities) now represent 50% of overall Indian viewers.
Evolution of the Indian OTT Consumer: Indian OTT viewers have proliferated in number during the COVID pandemic, accelerating changes in habits and highlighting regional differences in consumption patterns. Eros Now believes that a large proportion of the new online video subscriptions will be maintained as a result of a more permanent change in consumer behavior and cord-cutting. Other factors driving online video growth include affordable subscription packages, such as mobile-only, annual, and bundled plans offered by service providers.
The Indian OTT viewer has evolved throughout the pandemic period. Most of the OTT viewership growth in India is coming from Tier 2 and Tier 3 cities. In line with this, the majority of Eros Now viewers are in the younger demographic, less fluent in English and prefer to consume entertainment in Hindi or their native languages. Eros Now original series consumption is meaningful in India. The country accounted for 80% of watch hours for original series, of which 50% came from consumers in Tier 2 and Tier 3 cities.
Screen Engagement: India has historically been a ‘mobile-first market given high mobile penetration and relatively modest pay-TV penetration compared to Western media markets. The recent lockdowns and the surge of OTT viewing have increased television penetration levels. According to the most recent EY FICCI Report, sales of smart TVs in India have doubled over the past few years and are now expected to reach 40 million by 2025. Eros Now has multiple television distribution partnerships, including Amazon Fire TV, Tata Sky Binge, Jio Giga-Fiber, and Apple TV – among others. A significant amount of Eros Now consumption is through smart TVs. For example, 50% of watch hours for Metro Park season 2, which debuted in January 2021, were on smart TVs versus a single-digit percentage of watch hours at the close of fiscal 2020.
Eros Now is focused on delivering premium digital entertainment to consumers across the world. Eros Now expects to see a modest reduction in Premium Paid subscribers in the short term due to the pivot in strategy towards direct-to-consumer. To maximize reach, Eros Now currently has global collaborations and partnerships with market-leading telecommunications operators, OEMs, and digital distribution entities such as Amazon, Apple, Virgin Media, and Roku, which allow Eros Now to be available to global audiences. Eros Now currently has over 120 distribution partners and growing, with a meaningful number of partners signed up during the past twelve months alone. In addition, Eros Now has a unique and strategic relationship with Microsoft to further develop and create backend video technology on Azure. This collaboration will help Eros Now develop a new intuitive online video platform to ensure seamless delivery of content across varied consumer cohorts.
By December 31, 2022, Eros Now is targeting an annual Premium Paid subscriber ARPU globally in the range of $1.20 to $1.30. The company expects the ARPU growth will be driven by the pivot in strategy to focus more on direct-to-consumer relationships and by leveraging the bundling opportunities with distribution partners. Eros Now believes these factors will help grow ARPU and reduce churn. Importantly, the ARPU figures reported above do not include other Eros Now revenue streams from the current incumbent deals on transactional video on demand (TVOD), advertising, YouTube, and other forms of monetization of Eros Now.
The Eros Now content strategy will focus on new original Hindi language series, as well as augmenting the portfolio of regional language series to maintain and grow its leadership position in Tier 2 and Tier 3 regions of India. As previously announced in December 2020, Eros Now is planning to release a total of 46 original series and movie premieres across 8 Indian languages during fiscal 2021. To date, Eros Now has released 25 titles with the rest to follow during fiscal 2021. In addition, Eros Now plans to introduce more genres of content to reinforce its leadership position in the Indian OTT market.
 Source: Omdia’s “India: Online Video Trends and Omdia Consumer Research Highlights” report, May 2021